This set includes the Inner and Outer.
"Red Cloud" - birth name Mahpiua Luta (1822-1909)
Born into the Bad Face band of the Oglala Sioux in the Nebraska Territory, Red Cloud became Chief of the Oglala Sioux in the 1860. For 9 years he led his warriors in campaigns that prevented the U. S. Army from opening the Bozeman Trail to the Montana goldfields. The war lasted until 1868 and included the notable Fetterman Massacre in 1866. The Treaty of Fort Laramie was signed by Red Cloud in 1869 after the Army garrisons were withdrawn and their forts burned. He then laid down his arms and lived at the Red Cloud Agency in Nebraska. From 1870 on Red Cloud was an advocate of peace and often traveled to Washington, D. C. to meet with political leaders and to speak to the white audiences. He did not become involved in the later Sioux conflicts that led to George Custer's defeat at Little Big Horn. He was deposed as chief of the Oglala in 1881 (Crazy Horse & Sitting Bull took over). He lived his last years in declining health and died in 1909 in Pine Ridge, S. Dakota at the age of 87.